"In Beneath Haunted Waters Peter Stekel unfolds four equally gripping and poignant stories. He takes us into the cockpits to experience the dread of two World War II bomber crews struggling with uncertain navigation and aircraft malfunctions. He leads us into the world of aircraft wreck hunters captured by the mystique surrounding these bombers in the lakes. His deep research illustrates the often forgotten fact that America lost significantly more aircrews during the Second World War in training accidents than in combat in the Pacific Theater. And, finally, he makes us relate to those lost flyboys and grieve for them."
Randall Peffer, author of The Hunt for the Last U-Boat and Never to Return.
The following links were helpful to me during the research and writing of Beneath Haunted Waters. Please refer to the text for further information.
Both Liberators were based at Hammer Field in Fresno, California with the 461 Bomb Group (H). The 461st has a website located HERE. There is a special page for the Hester crew from #41-28463 HERE. Pages dedicated to Capt. William Darden and his plane, Exterminator #42-7674, which ditched in Huntington Lake are HERE and HERE.
"The Deadly Storm," by RW Koch. February, 1978 article reviewing the loss 463, Exterminator, and Lt. Zumsteg's B-24 December, 1943.
"The Tragic Tale of the Hester Lake Liberator," by S. Samuel Boghosian. June, 1979 article about the loss of 463.
"The B-24 Liberator." A book review from the magazine's March, 1977 issue.
"Another of our B-24s is Missing," by S. Samuel Boghosian. September, 1976 article about Exterminator.
Airplane Crashes & Accidents
AAIR - Aviation Archeology Investigation and Research (Craig Fuller)
Aircraftwrecks.com (Pat Macha)
Aviation Archeology: What is it?
MIA Recoveries - Locating and recovering US airmen lost in the China-Burma-India theater during WW II
Wreckchasing.com (Nick Veronico)
Collings Foundation (They have the only flyable B-24)
Museum of Flight (Seattle)
American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics, January 2, 2015. Congressional Research Service.
Army Battle Casualties and Non-Battle Casualties, World War II - Final Report. December 7, 1941-December 31, 1946
Bishop Airport history by Kurt Nance (unpublished)
California Private Plane location crash database (as of February 1, 2010)
Ditching a B-24 equipped with a hydro-scoop (video)
Ditching in the North Sea, by By R. L. (Bob) Krentler, 453 B.G. 732nd Sq.
How to ditch a B-17, adapted from pilot's handbook
Harold W. Kulick article on a B-17 crash
"Post Flying Regulations" for Smyrna Field, TN. January 1, 1945
Survival. A 1943 manual for Air Force crews forced down in all parts of the world with suggestions and tips and techniques how how to survive. With a short introduction by Eddie Rickenbacker.
United States Army Air Forces, Bombardier guide. Form 24B. November 23, 1944.
United States Army Air Forces, Instrument Flying Ground Trainer, Technical Order 30-100C1. August 1, 1943
United States Army Air Forces, Instrument Flying Technique in Weather. Technical Order 30-100D1. January 1, 1944
United States Navy, Naval Aviation Combat Statistics, World War II
B-24 Liberator Pilot Instructor Training Manual
B-24 Liberator Production Numbers excerpted from Log of the Liberators by, Steve Birdsall. Doubleday. 1973.
Beneath Haunted Waters-General
"Beneath Haunted Waters," article for Ranger, by Peter Stekel
Dave McElhatton - 'Bay Area's anchorman' - dies (instrumental in having Hester Lake named)
"Fatal Subtraction: Statistical MIAs on the Industrial Battlefield," by Marc Linder, published by Journal of Legislation, Notre Dam School of Law. Vol 20, #2. 1994. A professional paper that reviews injuries and death of US workers within the United States working for industry.
Trail Building in the High Sierras, by Donald Griffin. Tells the story of building the John Muir Trail in Kings Canyon during the 1930s and the death of one of the trail crew workers
"Hester Lake Saga to be Subject of New Book." Inyo Register. September 1, 2011
Labor Statistic and Class Struggle, by Marc Linder. Reviews injuries and death of US workers within the United States working for industry.
Merla Zellerbach (wife of Fred Goerner)
United States Navy Dive Manual, Revision 6. October 15, 2011
Beneath Haunted Waters-Hester Lake
"The Jackass Expedition," by Paul Swinehagen. Mad Diver. An account of a group of divers interested in Hester Lake
"Rutland Airman's Body Found After 17 Year Search." Schenectady Gazette, August 29, 1960 with an interesting summation of the Hester Lake crew.
Tragic Story of the Lake Hester Liberator by Lyman Delameter (served with the 461st Bomb Group)
Max Richard Turvey burial (brother of Charles Turvey)
Warbird Information Exchange - Hester Lake
The War Eaglet - Class of 43.1. Graduating classbook for Robert Hester
Beneath Haunted Waters-Huntington Lake
Bob Crider obituary (teacher at Big Creek School)
Exterminator search route December 6, 1943 (from accident report)
461st Liberaider from June 1992 with mention about Big Creek School Project
461st Liberator December, 1993. Huntington Lake memorial dedication. See Pages 3-5
461st Liberaider June, 1994. Joseph Hammer's recollections of working on Exterminator. See Pages 3-4.
Soldiers Drag Huntington Lake for Lost Bomber, Fresno Bee, December 8, 1943
Books to Purchase (from amazon.com)
Thomas Childers. Wings Of Morning: The Story Of The Last American Bomber Shot Down Over Germany In World War II
Hughes Glantzberg. Al Ataque. History of 461 Bomb Group written by the son of the commanding officer, Col. Frederick Glantzberg
Anthony Mireles. Fatal Army Air Forces Aviation Accidents in the United States, 1941-1945 (3 Volume Set)
Liberaider (occasional publication of 461st bomb Group)
461st Liberaider from June 1992 with mention about Big Creek School Project. See front page.
December, 1993. Huntington Lake memorial dedication. See Pages 3-5
June, 1994. Joseph Hammer's recollections of working on Exterminator. See Pages 3-4.
"World War II Plane Found in Remote Lake." July 28, 1960 Bakersfield Californian
"Wreckage of Old B24 Found in Sierran Lake." July 28, 1960 Humboldt Standard
"Divers Go After '43 Crash Bodies." July 31, 1960 Oakland Tribune
"Find Clues to Bomber Crash." August 2, 1960 San Mateo Times
"Sierra Lake Preserves Bodies of Bomber Crew." August 4, 1960 Oxnard Press-Courier
"Wrecked B24 Flew From D-M." August 4, 1960 Tucson Daily Citizen
"Sierra Lake Named for Father, Long-lost Son." December 12, 1960 Bakersfield-Californian
"Tragedy Lake Gets A Name." January 4, 1961 San Mateo Times
Flight Path for 463 December 5, 1943
Hammer Field September 1, 1943 Classification and Numbering map
Flight Path for Exterminator search mission December 6, 1943
Hammer Field 1945 layout map
Hammer Field April, 1945 Real Estate map
Radio Range map for SW United States, 1944
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